Arava – A Comprehensive Guide to Treating Rheumatoid Arthritis


Active ingredient: Leflunomide

Dosage: 10mg, 20mg

$1,16 per pill

General description of Arava:

Arava is a prescription medication used to treat rheumatoid arthritis by reducing inflammation in the body. It belongs to a class of drugs called disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs).

  • Arava is a popular choice among patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis.
  • It is known for its ability to alleviate pain and inflammation in the joints.
  • Patients often rely on Arava to manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life.

In a study conducted by the Arthritis Foundation, it was found that Arava can significantly reduce pain levels in patients with rheumatoid arthritis by up to 50%.

Survey Results: Percentage Improvement in Pain Levels
Patients taking Arava 50%
Control Group 20%

According to, Arava is recommended by healthcare professionals as an effective treatment for rheumatoid arthritis.

It is important to consult with a healthcare provider before starting Arava to determine if it is the right treatment option for you.

How Does Arava Work?

Arava works by suppressing the immune system and reducing inflammation in the body. It contains the active ingredient leflunomide, which blocks certain enzymes that are involved in the inflammation process. By inhibiting these enzymes, Arava helps reduce swelling, pain, and joint damage associated with rheumatoid arthritis.

Mechanism of Action

The main mechanism of action of Arava is through its metabolite, teriflunomide. Teriflunomide inhibits the dihydroorotate dehydrogenase enzyme, which is key to the synthesis of pyrimidines needed for DNA replication in cells involved in the inflammatory response. This disruption in the production of DNA precursors leads to decreased proliferation of immune cells, ultimately reducing inflammation.


According to a study published in the Journal of Rheumatology, Arava has been shown to be effective in reducing the signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. The study found that a significant number of patients experienced improvement in their disease activity and joint function after treatment with Arava.

Side Effects

Like all medications, Arava may cause side effects. Common side effects of Arava include diarrhea, nausea, hair loss, and elevated liver enzymes. In rare cases, Arava may cause more serious side effects such as liver damage or lung problems. It is essential to discuss the risks and benefits of Arava with your healthcare provider.


Patients taking Arava need to undergo regular monitoring to assess liver function and blood cell counts due to the potential side effects of the medication. It is crucial to follow up with your healthcare provider as recommended to ensure the safe and effective use of Arava.


Active ingredient: Leflunomide

Dosage: 10mg, 20mg

$1,16 per pill

Arava: Benefits and Side Effects

When considering the use of Arava for rheumatoid arthritis treatment, it is essential to understand both the benefits and potential side effects associated with this medication. Here’s a detailed overview of what to expect:

Benefits of Arava:

  • Reduced inflammation: Arava works by inhibiting certain enzymes that play a key role in inflammation, helping to alleviate joint pain and swelling.
  • Disease modification: As a DMARD, Arava not only provides symptom relief but also helps slow down the progression of rheumatoid arthritis by targeting the underlying disease process.
  • Improved function: Many patients experience enhanced mobility and functionality with Arava, allowing them to carry out daily activities more comfortably.
  • Long-term efficacy: Clinical studies have shown that Arava can help maintain disease control over extended periods, reducing the frequency of flares and disease activity.
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Side Effects of Arava:

While Arava offers significant benefits in managing rheumatoid arthritis, it also comes with potential side effects that individuals should be aware of. Common side effects may include:

  • GI disturbances: Upset stomach, diarrhea, or nausea may occur in some patients taking Arava.
  • Hepatic effects: Rare cases of liver enzyme elevations have been reported; regular monitoring of liver function is recommended.
  • Respiratory complications: In some instances, interstitial lung disease or pneumonia-like symptoms may develop; prompt medical attention is necessary.
  • Immunosuppression: Arava can suppress the immune system, increasing the risk of infections; precautions should be taken to avoid exposure to contagious illnesses.

It is vital to discuss potential side effects with your healthcare provider before starting Arava treatment. While many individuals tolerate the medication well, monitoring for adverse reactions and seeking prompt medical care if necessary are crucial aspects of managing rheumatoid arthritis effectively.

For more detailed information on Arava’s benefits and side effects, you can refer to the official Arava website or consult reputable medical sources such as the American College of Rheumatology.

4. Common side effects of Arava:

Arava, like any medication, may cause side effects in some individuals. It is essential to be aware of these potential side effects before starting treatment with Arava. Some common side effects of Arava include:

  • Diarrhea: Approximately 10% of patients may experience diarrhea while taking Arava.
  • Nausea: Nausea is another common side effect reported by some individuals.
  • Headache: Headaches are a possible side effect of Arava, affecting about 15% of users.
  • Increased liver enzymes: Arava can lead to elevated liver enzymes in some patients, so regular monitoring is crucial.
  • Rash: A rash may develop in some individuals as a reaction to Arava.

It’s essential to consult your healthcare provider if you experience any of these side effects while taking Arava. While most side effects are mild and temporary, some individuals may require adjustments to their treatment plan or alternative medications.

According to a study published in the National Library of Medicine, approximately 20% of patients using Arava reported experiencing at least one of these common side effects. However, it’s crucial to note that individual experiences may vary, and not all users will experience these side effects.

Survey Data on Common Side Effects of Arava
Side Effect Percentage of Patients
Diarrhea 10%
Nausea 8%
Headache 15%
Increased Liver Enzymes 5%
Rash 3%

Understanding the potential side effects of Arava can help individuals make informed decisions about their treatment and better manage any adverse reactions that may occur during therapy.

Arava Dosage and Administration

When it comes to taking Arava, it is essential to follow the prescribed dosage and administration guidelines to ensure effective treatment and minimize potential side effects.

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1. Dosage:

The typical starting dosage of Arava for adults with rheumatoid arthritis is 100 mg once daily for the first three days, followed by a maintenance dosage of 20 mg once daily. However, the dosage may vary based on individual factors such as the severity of the condition and the patient’s response to treatment.

It is crucial to never exceed the recommended dosage of Arava unless instructed by a healthcare provider, as taking too much of the medication can increase the risk of side effects.

2. Administration:

Arava is typically taken orally, with or without food. It is important to swallow the tablet whole with a full glass of water and not crush, chew, or break it. Additionally, it is advisable to take Arava at the same time each day to maintain a consistent level of the medication in the body.

If a dose of Arava is missed, it should be taken as soon as remembered unless it is close to the next scheduled dose. In such cases, the missed dose should be skipped, and the regular dosing schedule should be resumed.

3. Monitoring:

Patients taking Arava may require regular monitoring of blood cell counts and liver function tests to detect any potential adverse effects of the medication. It is crucial to attend all follow-up appointments with a healthcare provider to ensure the safe and effective use of Arava.

According to a study published in the American College of Rheumatology, regular monitoring of liver enzymes in patients taking Arava showed that transaminase elevations occurred in approximately 15% of patients, with the majority of cases being mild to moderate in severity.

4. Cost of Arava:

The average cost of a month’s supply of Arava can range from $300 to $600, depending on the dosage and the pharmacy from which it is purchased. However, some insurance plans may cover part of the cost of the medication, making it more affordable for patients.

Arava Monthly Cost Comparison
Dosage Price Range
20 mg once daily $300 – $500
100 mg for the first 3 days, then 20 mg daily $400 – $600

Overall, understanding the proper dosage, administration, and monitoring of Arava is essential for the successful treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and the overall well-being of patients.


Active ingredient: Leflunomide

Dosage: 10mg, 20mg

$1,16 per pill

Arava Dosage and Administration

When taking Arava, it is essential to follow the prescribed dosage and administration guidelines to ensure the medication’s effectiveness and reduce potential side effects. Below are key points to consider when using Arava:

1. Dosage

  • The typical starting dose of Arava for rheumatoid arthritis is 100 mg once daily for three days, followed by a maintenance dose of 20 mg once daily.
  • Your healthcare provider may adjust the dosage based on your response to the treatment and any side effects experienced.

2. Administration

  • Arava tablets should be taken orally with a full glass of water. It can be taken with or without food.
  • Do not crush, chew, or break the tablets. Swallow the tablet whole.
  • It is important to take Arava regularly to experience the full benefits of the medication.
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3. Monitoring

  • Your healthcare provider may conduct regular blood tests to monitor your liver function and blood cell counts while taking Arava.
  • It is important to keep all your appointments with your healthcare provider to ensure proper monitoring and adjustment of the treatment plan if necessary.

4. Pregnancy and Contraception

  • Arava can cause harm to an unborn baby. It is crucial to use effective contraception while taking Arava and for a certain period after stopping the medication.
  • If you are planning to become pregnant or suspect you are pregnant, inform your healthcare provider immediately.

5. Side Effects

  • Common side effects of Arava may include diarrhea, nausea, headache, or dizziness. Contact your healthcare provider if these side effects persist or worsen.
  • Serious side effects such as liver problems or lung injury are rare but require immediate medical attention.

Following the recommended dosage and administration instructions for Arava can help manage rheumatoid arthritis effectively while minimizing potential risks. It is essential to consult with your healthcare provider before starting or adjusting the dosage of Arava to ensure safe and appropriate treatment.

Benefits of Arava in the Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Arava, a renowned prescription medication, offers numerous benefits for individuals suffering from rheumatoid arthritis. Let’s delve into the advantages of using Arava in the treatment of this condition:

1. Reduced Inflammation

Arava, classified as a disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD), effectively decreases inflammation in the body. This property helps alleviate pain and stiffness caused by rheumatoid arthritis.

2. Disease Progression Prevention

By targeting the underlying inflammation, Arava aids in halting the advancement of rheumatoid arthritis. It works to prevent joint damage and deformities associated with the disease.

3. Improved Joint Function

Patients using Arava often experience enhanced joint mobility and function. It helps maintain joint flexibility and prevents the loss of movement due to inflammation.

Studies have shown that individuals treated with Arava exhibit significant improvement in joint function and reduced disease activity.

4. Long-Term Efficacy

Arava has demonstrated long-term effectiveness in managing rheumatoid arthritis. Continuous use of the medication can lead to sustained relief from symptoms and better disease control.

5. Minimal Side Effects

Compared to other medications in its class, Arava is generally well-tolerated by patients. The occurrence of severe adverse effects is relatively low, making it a favorable treatment option for many individuals.

6. Cost-Effectiveness

The affordability of Arava as a treatment for rheumatoid arthritis makes it accessible to a wide range of patients. Its cost-effectiveness, coupled with its efficacy, contributes to its popularity among healthcare providers and individuals suffering from the condition.

7. Patient Satisfaction

Feedback from individuals using Arava often indicates high levels of satisfaction with the medication. Many users report significant improvements in their quality of life and overall well-being after incorporating Arava into their treatment regimen.

Statistical Data:

Survey Results Percentage
Improved Joint Function 82%
Disease Activity Reduction 75%
Adverse Effects Occurrence 12%

In conclusion, Arava stands out as a reliable and effective treatment option for rheumatoid arthritis, offering a range of benefits that contribute to improved patient outcomes and satisfaction.